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NATIONAL CANCER REGISTRIES

Background

The African Cancer Organisation (ACO) seeks to establish National Population-Based Cancer Registries (PCR). The whole idea is to collect, store and analyze data on persons with cancer in order to provide complete, accurate and timely cancer report for interventional programs. Such information would guide us to monitor patient care, prioritise and allocate resources effectively, give understanding of the things we do not yet know, and also act as a driver for policy development for the urgent need of comprehensive cancer controls in Africa. Countries require cancer surveillance programs to collect and analyze data on the scale of the cancer burden in each country. These are urgently needed in Africa as cancer data sources are scarce. Data can help to evaluate the impact of prevention, early detection/screening, treatment and palliative care programs. The proposed population-based cancer registry will help to act as a driver for policy development and program evaluation as recommended by the WHO. PCR intends to capture cancer cases diagnosed and/or treated in all African countries.

 

Aim

The goal of PCR is to collect, store and analyze data on persons with cancer in order to generate incidence, prevalence, trends, mortality, and survival rates which is required to help develop a realistic and sustainable cancer control plans for Africa.

 

Methodology

Cancer registry staff will be trained to abstract cancer cases diagnosed and/or treated in Africa using a customized cancer notification form designed to capture detailed information on cancer patient demographics, tumour details, treatment, reporting sources and follow-up information based on both analytic and non-analytic active casefinding reportability methods. These cases will then be classified and coded using the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology ICD-O-3. The data will be stored in customized cancer registry software which will be configured with various address codes from the registry geography. The cancer registry software checks for duplicate cases, data edits and consolidation. The software tracks down duplicate records and multiple primaries using a probability matching and consistency checking for impossible or rare cases.

 

Conclusion

Establishing a cancer registry in Africa is challenging but very possible. Conflicts of interests are common norms among new cancer registries. With a good budget and working plan backed by few sincere and dedicated staff, it will be very possible to sustain the registry to capture all cancer cases within the catchment area, to take advantage of available modern technology to produce timely results. ACO is by this seeking for partnership to raise the needed support to embark on this national cancer registry campaign in the region.